Last year, the rate of syphilis nationwide rose 28% among newborns and 36% among women, according to a new CDC report.
The annual STD Surveillance Report said the number of cases overall is the "highest number ever."
The report said the rising syphilis rate among newborns is tied to the rising rate among women.
"Increasing rates of syphilis among women has led to a sharp rise in congenital syphilis – which occurs when syphilis passes from mother to baby during pregnancy," a CDC fact sheet reads. "The disease is preventable through routine screening and timely treatment for syphilis among pregnant women."
The report found an increased rate among men as well; men accounted for 89% of primary and secondary syphilis cases in 2016. Last year marked a 15% increase among males.
The number of cases nationwide was broken up by state, and ranked by rate per 100,000 people. New York ranked fifth-highest in primary and secondary syphilis rate - the most infectious stages of the disease, according to the CDC.
New York also ranked number 12 in rate of Chlamydia (552.8 per 100,000), and 22 in rate of Gonorrhea (146.5 per 100,000) - both higher than the national rate.