Rabbi Laurie Green On Passover Traditions

April 6, 2012 Updated Apr 8, 2012 at 12:49 PM EDT

By WKBW Programming

April 6, 2012 Updated Apr 8, 2012 at 12:49 PM EDT

BUFFALO, N.Y. ( WKBW ) Rabbie Laurie Green from Temple Beth Zion visited Channel 7's "AM/Buffalo" to share the meaning of Passover, which begins at sundown Friday April 6th.

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The Jewish Federation has also listed Passover A to Z as posted below:

Afikoman: ("dessert") A part of the Passover matzah. Eating the Afikomen marks the end of the Seder. It is traditional for the Afikomen to be hidden, then sought out by the younger attendees at many family seders.

Bitter Herb: (Maror) Horseradish or other bitter foods eaten during the Seder to mark the hard lives of the Israelites enslaved in Egypt.

Charoset: A sweet food placed on the Seder plate and eaten during the ceremony. The recipe varies, but apples and wine are common ingredients.

Dayenu: ("It is enough for us") The name and refrain of a popular passover song about the Exodus, a standard in any Haggadah.

Egg: (Beitzah) A roasted egg, and one of the items on the traditional Seder plate. It is a symbol of birth and rebirth.

Firstborn: The last of the ten plagues that forced Pharoah to set the Israelites free was the killing of the firstborn Egyptian children.

Greens: (Karpas) A vegetable that is dipped in saltwater and eaten during the Seder. It is one of the items on the traditional Seder plate.

Haggadah: ("narration") The book that we read during the Seder to explain the rituals and traditions of the holiday.

Israelites: The nation of Jewish people who were living in oppression in Egypt, and who were liberated during the exodus. They were then led through the desert by Moses to receive the Ten Commandments and establish a Jewish homeland in Israel.

Joseph: A son of Jacob and Rachel; after his imprisonment and eventual rise to prominence in Egypt, the Israelites come to Egypt and grow numerous there, triggering Pharoah's oppression and the Passover story.

Korech: A traditional 'sandwich' of matzah and maror eaten during the Seder.

Lamb: Lamb's blood was put on the doorposts of Jewish dwellings in Egypt so the 10th plague - the killing of the first born Egyptian children - would pass over their homes.

Leaven: Bread or other foods that contain a leavening agent are not eaten on Passover. Leavening agents such as yeast make foods rise. These forbidden foods are called chametz.

Mah Nishtanah: ("What Is Different?") An explanation of why Passover is such a special time; these "Four Questions" are traditionally asked by a young child at the Seder

Matzah: This is unleavened bread, the staple of the Seder meal. It represents the food prepared in a rush by the Israelites as they fled Egypt.
Nissan: Passover falls during the Hebrew month of Nissan, which is during springtime in the Middle East.

Omer: The omer is a biblical measure of barley from the spring harvest. The counting of the omer is the 49 days between the second day of Passover and the last day before the holiday of Shavuot.

Plagues: Ten afflictions God inflicted on Egypt to convince Pharoah to free the Jews from captivity.

Quinoa: A grain-like food eaten more frequently on Passover, when many grain-based foods are not permitted.

Recline: The leader of the Passover Seder arranges his chair so that he reclines in an extra level of comfort on this day. A comfy pillow on his or her chair is often part of this tradition.

Seder: ("order") The prayers and other parts of the ceremonial meal, performed in a specific order, that make up the Passover ritual, including the retelling of the story of the Exodus from Egypt.

Shmurah matzah: ("guarded" matzah) Handmade matzah made from grain that has been carefully monitored to avoid any contact with water or anything else that might cause rising during the harvesting and production process.

Torah: God's commandments to the Jewish people, delivered to Moses at Mt. Sinai when the Jewish people were in the desert after leaving Israel.

Urchatz: ("and wash") A traditional Seder activity, where the celebrants wash their hands before eating the karpas.

V’hotzaiti: ("I will bring you out from oppression") The first of the four pledges made by God to liberate the Israelites, symbolized by the drinking of the first cup of wine.

Wine: Among the central elements of the Seder are the four cups of wine, marking the four ways God described his promise to bring the Jews out of Egypt.

eXodus: The journey of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt to freedom. The magid -- the telling of this story -- is a required part of any Seder so it passes from generation to generation.

Yachatz: ("divide") Breaking the middle matzah in two. One portion of this matzah becomes the Afikomen.

Zeroah: ("shank bone") A roasted bone, symbolic of the lamb sacrificed during the days of the temple.
*By The Jewish Federations of North America www.JewishFederations.org. Reprinted from A-Z Passover Glossary